Scroll down for free Reformation (Reformed) and Puritan MP3s (and more) demonstrating the view of the best preachers and teachers during the Protestant Reformation (and since) as to the meaning of the number of the beast (666). There are 34 free Reformed MP3s on 666 listed below. Additionally, see the informative quotes, following the free resources below, on 666.
"Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six (666 - ed.)." - Revelation 13:18 (emphases added)
"The 1646 Calvinistic Westminster Confession of Faith denounces "popish monastical vows." It denies "the pope any power or jurisdiction" over magistrates, citing here not only II Thessalonians 2:4 but also the '666' passage of Revelation 13:15-17. It calls "papists ... idolaters." It describes "the popish sacrifice of the 'mass' ... [as] most abominably injurious to Christ's one sacrifice." Indeed, it terms "transubstantiation ... repugnant not to Scripture alone, but even to common sense and reason" and indeed "the cause of manifold superstitions, yea, of gross idolatries." - Antichrist in Scripture by Dr. Francis Nigel Lee
"There is no other head of the Church but the Lord Jesus Christ. Nor can the Pope of Rome, in any sense, be head thereof; but is that Antichrist, that man of sin, and son of perdition, that exalts himself, in the Church, against Christ and all that is called God."
- Westminster Confession of Faith (Original Edition on the Puritan Hard Drive, emphases added), 25:6 "Of the Church" (and the Westminster Divines use, as one of the proof texts here, Revelation 13:6).
"We will also see, as we further proceed, the exact fitness of the suggestive name as given the beast, viz., "The Latin Man," ... The number of the name as given is 666. "Here is wisdom; let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man"; that is, a name, the number of the numerical value of its letters would amount to 666. As a challenge is here given, it is no evidence of presumption should we attempt, at least, to find out the number, especially as it is so closely linked with the intolerance of the beast, no one being allowed or tolerated, unless bearing the same. Now it is a remarkable fact that the name Lateinos, The Latin Man, the name of the fourth kingdom seen by Daniel, makes 666, both in Greek and Hebrew.
This solution was first suggested by Irenaeus, as far back as the second century, and some three centuries before the rise of the beast. Says he, "Lateinos"* has the number 666, and it is a very probable solution, this being the name of the last kingdom of the four seen by Daniel." (Clark's Pub., 107.) And this has been the common interpretation among protestants ever since. As to the appropriateness of the name, we leave the reader to judge, since her letters, decrees and services are all in Latin. The two words in Greek and Hebrew are Lateinos and Romiith.
Here we have, to say the least of it, a most singular thing, that the same name should have the same numerical value in both Greek and Hebrew, the two languages in which the Scriptures were written.
* The word is spelled both with "ei" and " i," as Lateinos and Latinos. See Schleusner's Lex. But the former and less common spelling is here used, as Professor Stuart suggests, "For the very purpose of concealment." Com. in Loc.
- James Stacy, Handbook of Prophecy, pp. 46-47 (emphases added), on the Puritan Hard Drive
Who was Irenaeus?
"Irenaeus was born about the time of Justin [Martyr]. He was a pupil of Polycarp of Smyrna, who had been a pupil of the Apostle John. Irenaeus says, "I can describe the spot on which Polycarp sat and expounded; his going in and coming out; the manner of his life; the figure of his body; the sermons he preached to the multitudes; how he related to us his converse with John, and the rest of those who had seen the Lord; how he mentioned their particular expressions, and what things he had heard from them of the Lord; of his miracles and of his doctrine."
- The Original Covenanter & Contending Witness Magazine (Vol. 2, No. 1, emphases added), p. 7, on the Puritan Hard Drive
There are 285 Reformation resources with the word "Antichrist" in the title on the Puritan Hard Drive. The word "Antichrist" also occurs 149 times in the Puritan Hard Drive resource descriptions. There are also 6 Reformation resources with the number "666" in the title on the Puritan Hard Drive. The number "666" also occurs 15 times in the Puritan Hard Drive resource descriptions.
666: The Classic View Of the Protestant Reformation and the Early Church
Free Reformation MP3s & More
The first two sermons below are the two best sermons on 666 (the number of the beast), which we have found, defending the biblical (classic Protestant and Reformed) position on 666 -- even taking us as far back as some of the early fathers of the church, helping to establish what was ultimately the Apostolic teaching on this much abused passage of Scripture (and refuting the many misinterpretations of number 666).
666 - The Number of the Beast of Revelation, a.k.a. Antichrist -- The Historic Protestant Interpretation (Reformed Teaching) by W.J. Mencarow
The church settled the meaning of the book of Revelation centuries ago. Sadly, this has been lost to the modern church.
This sermon series is an appeal to the church to recover that meaning.
Rev. 13:18 says understanding (or wisdom) is required to "count" the meaning of the number of the beast, 666. This is clearly not the human wisdom of this world, which God calls foolishness. I Cor. 3:19: "For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God." This is the problem with many of the claims you've heard about the meaning of 666 and the identity of Antichrist. What the Lord requires is not human wisdom, falsely called, but the wisdom that comes from reading and meditating upon the revelation of God through His written Word, the Bible, and living your life in obedience to it.
This sermon presents the interpretation of 666 that was held by the majority of Protestant theologians from the Reformation until the 1800s when mysticism on the one hand and liberalism on the other began to invade the church. This historic interpretation of the number of the beast has also been held by some proto-reformers (before the Protestant Reformation) and even by some of the church fathers going back to the second century -- and possibly even before!
LISTENER COMMENTS (from Sermonaudio)
"Stunning research and presentation." I am a student of history and ancient Rome in particular. I have never, in book or audio form, encountered a presentation of the correct meaning of Six Hundred Three Score and Six that is as accurately detailed and researched in proper scholarly fashion as this sermon by Pastor W. J. Mencarow. History is something that I know very well. Nothing that Pastor Mencarow says is guesswork. Every historical statement that he makes is correct. His theology is also impeccable. May I please strongly encourage one and all to hear, not only this sermon, but the others in this series on Revelation. - twd (7/18/2008)
"666 Solved: Classic Reformed/Protestant Teaching!" An extremely well presented, thoroughly researched message expounding the true meaning of "666" in Scripture. Meticulous and relevant in exposing many far fetched fables related to "666" from expositors of the past, right up to our day. Also demonstrates how a number of modern Protestants adopt Roman Catholic teaching on prophecy. Takes us as far back as some of the early fathers of the church, establishing what was ultimately the Apostolic teaching on this much abused passage of Scripture. Additionally, this sermon clearly expounds the classic Reformed and Protestant teaching (for example, as found in the original Westminster Confession of Faith) on the number of the beast. A must listen, Protestant teaching at its best! - swrb.com (7/16/2008)
"Great Sermon!" Cleared up my doubts about 666. - Joseph A. (3/24/2009)
666 & God's Gracious Covenant With Israel #22 (Partial & Full Preterism Refuted #6) by Greg Price
RELATED FREE MP3s ON REFORMATION ESCHATOLOGY, ANTICHRIST & 666
Who Is The Man Of Sin? - The Antichrist (666) - A Biblical & Confessional View by David Silversides
The Antichrist Unveiled (666, The Man of Sin, the Pope) by Richard Bennett (former Roman Catholic priest who is now a Protestant preacher)
Jonathan Edwards On Eschatology, Prophecy, the Last Days, Antichrist, 666 ... by Jonathan Edwards
Is Popery the Antichrist? or The Tendency of Prophecy to Describe Things According to the Reality, Rather than the Appearance by Patrick Fairbairn
The Papacy is the Antichrist 1 of 3 (1888) Classic Reformation Eschatology by J.A. Wylie
The Papacy is the Antichrist 2 of 3 (1888) Classic Reformation Eschatology by J.A. Wylie
The Papacy is the Antichrist 3 of 3 (1888) Classic Reformation Eschatology by J.A. Wylie
Who is Antichrist (666)?; or, Lectures Upon the Principal Prophecies of the Revelation 6/10 (1814) by Alexander M'Leod
Nero Not Antichrist, 666 (Preterism Refuted #7) by Greg Price
The full set of 15 sermons (available as 15 free MP3s and 15 free PDFs) in Greg Price's masterful refutation of Preterism are listed at http://www.sermonaudio.com/new_details3.asp?ID=25815.
The Identity of the Antichrist by David Silversides
The Master Search Index is where some of the greatest search and research opportunities exist on the Puritan Hard Drive. For example, a search for "666," using the Master Search Index on the Puritan Hard Drive returns 3,737 results in 322 documents, and a search for the "number of the beast," using the Master Search Index on the Puritan Hard Drive returns 159 results in 46 documents. Additionally, a Master Search Index search for "Irenaeus," on the Puritan Hard Drive returns 639 results in 128 documents and a Master Search Index search for "man of sin," returns 1,894 results in 416 documents. Moreover, all these search results are available in the context of one line and listed alphabetically by book title, including the author of each book.
Furthermore, if you click on any of the individual Master Search Index results, for any of these searches noted above, the Puritan Hard Drive opens the book to the correct page and highlights these results -- and will do the same for any word or phrase you use, in the Master Search Index! The Master Search Index on the Puritan Hard Drive drive gives you unparallelled biblical research power to mine the gems of the biggest and best Puritan and Reformed digital book collection ever available in this format. Never before have such powerful search and research capabilities existed! May our Lord get all the glory for the great things He has done!
Antichrist: The Pope? -The Historic Protestant View by Stephen Hamilton
The Mark of the Beast (666) The Classic Position of the Protestant Reformation by W.J. Mencarow
A Closer Look at the Appearance and Emergence of the Antichrist by David Silversides
Christ or Anti-Christ? The Identity & Idolatries Of Antichrist (666, Man Of Sin) In Scripture, History, & Protestant Reformation by Ergatees
The Mark of the Beast (Antichrist) In Worship Versus Purity of Worship & Ordinances by Thomas Brooks
Antichrist's & the Antichrist, Part 1 (The Papacy Is The Antichrist, 666 -- The Classic Reformation Doctrine On The Man Of Sin) by Dr. Steven Dilday
Antichrist's & the Antichrist, Part 2 (The Papacy Is The Antichrist, 666 -- The Classic Reformation Doctrine On The Man Of Sin) by Dr. Steven Dilday
Antichrist's & the Antichrist, Part 3 (The Papacy Is The Antichrist, 666 -- The Classic Reformation Doctrine On The Man Of Sin) by Dr. Steven Dilday
Antichrist's & the Antichrist, Part 4 (The Papacy Is The Antichrist, 666 -- The Classic Reformation Doctrine On The Man Of Sin) by Dr. Steven Dilday
The 1260 Days Of Revelation (The Year Day Theory In Classic Protestant Eschatological Thought And Scripture) by W.J. Mencarow
The Progress of History and the Demise of the Papal Antichrist (Prophecy Fulfillment & Postmillennialism Series 10 of 12) by Dr. Francis Nigel Lee
Antichrist's (666) New Strategy - Roman Catholic Agenda Embedded In Manhattan Declaration by Richard Bennett
Antichrist (666) Deceives Nations Today, Politics, Education, Concordats, Slovakia, etc. by Richard Bennett
Postmillennialism and Revelation 20 by David Silversides
Late Date of Revelation (Preterism Refuted #8) by Greg Price
First Principles of Apocalyptical Interpretation, Preterism & Late Date of Revelation by Robert Fleming
The Roman Catholic (Papal Antichrist) Inquisition, the Tools of Torture and Faithful Christian Martyrs by Richard Bennett
Postmillennialism Defended, Antichrist (666) Revealed (Prophecy Fulfillment & Postmillennialism Series 11 of 12) by Dr. Francis Nigel Lee
An Inquiry into the Times that shall be Fulfilled at Antichrist's Fall (1 of 3) by Archibald Mason
An Inquiry into the Times that shall be Fulfilled at Antichrist's Fall (2 of 3) by Archibald Mason
An Inquiry into the Times that shall be Fulfilled at Antichrist's Fall (3 of 3) by Archibald Mason
Growth & Fall of Antichrist (666) by Thomas Manton & Other Reformers (Free Reformation MP3s, Books & Videos)
Of the Power & Primacy of the Pope (Smalcald, 1537) - Proof that the Pope of Rome is the Antichrist.
There are 478 Reformation resources (books, MP3s and videos) under the category "Prophecy, Antichrist, and Eschatology," and 300 Reformation resources (books, MP3s and videos) under the category "Cults, False Religions, Psychology, Humanism," on the Puritan Hard Drive -- two categories that are closely related to loving God with your whole heart.
BOOKS ON 666, ANTICHRIST, REVELATION AND BIBLICAL PROPHECY
Amazing 54 Second Puritan Hard Drive Video Review by Pastor Scott Brown, Director of the National Center For Family Integrated Churches
A Complete Commentary Upon the Book of Revelation (2 Volume Set, 1658, 1799 edition) by James Durham
The Fall of Babylon the Great, by the Agency of Christ, and Through the Instrumentality of His Witnesses: In Four Discourses (1821) by Archibald Mason
Lectures Upon the Principal Prophecies of the Revelation (1814) by Alexander M'Leod
Horae Apocalypticae; or, A Commentary on the Apocalypse, Critical and Historical; Including Also An Examination of the Chief Prophecies of Daniel (1862, 4 Volume Set) by E. B. Elliott
A Dissertation on the Prophecies, That Have Been Fulfilled, Are Now Fulfilling, or Will Hereafter Be Fulfilled Relative to the Great Period of 1260 Years; The Papal and Mohammedan Apostacies... 2 Volume Set by George Faber
The Rise of the Papacy with Proof from Daniel and Paul that the Pope is Antichrist by John Calvin
The First Principles of Apocalyptical Interpretation (1848) by Robert Fleming
The Millennium: Peace, Prosperity and National Covenanting (1879) by Matthew Murray
The Restoration and Conversion of the Jews by Charles Spurgeon
Notes On The Apocalypse; With An Appendix Containing Dissertations On Some Of The Apocalyptic Symbols, Together With Animadversions On The Interpretations Of Several Among The Most Learned And Approved Expositors Of Britain And America by David Steele
The Restoration of the Jews (1861) by David Brown
The Two Witnesses: Their Cause, Number, Character, Furniture and Special Work (1859) by David Steele
Foxe's Book of Martyrs or Acts & Monuments (8 Volume Set, c. 1554, 1843-49 edition)
A Harmony of Scripture Prophecies and History of Their Fulfillment (1784) by John Brown of Haddington
Dissertations on the Prophecies Which Have Remarkably Been Fulfilled, and at this Time are Fulfilling in the World (2 Volume Set, 1817) by Thomas Newton
An Exposition of the (Book of) Revelation by Thomas Goodwin
An Inquiry Into the Times That Shall Be Fulfilled at Antichrist's Fall; The Church's Blessedness in Her Millennial Rest; The Signs that this Happy Season is at Hand; The Prophetic Number Contained in the 1335 Days... by Archibald Mason
Christ's Second Coming: Will It Be Premillennial? (1882, 1990) by David Brown
Eschatology by Charles Hodge
The Works of George Gillespie (Volume 2 of 2)
The Seals Opened; Or, The Apocalypse Explained (1871) by Enoch Pond
Antichrist's Armour-Bearer Disarmed (1733) by Anonymous
Hand-book of Prophecy, Containing a Brief Outline of the Prophecies of Daniel and John, Together with a Critical Essay on the Second Advent by James Stacy
History of Redemption (Salvation), God's Work, Creation To Judgment Day, With Edward's Postmillennial Eschatology of Victory by Jonathan Edwards
History Unveiling Prophecy or Time as an Interpreter (1905) by H. Grattan Guinness
Horae Apocalypticae; or, A Commentary on the Apocalypse, Critical and Historical; Including Also An Examination of the Chief Prophecies of Daniel (1862, 4 Volume Set) by E. B. Elliott
Islam in Revelation: An Historic Look at Protestant Eschatological Thought on the Rise and Fall of Islam by E. B. Elliott, Alexander M'Leod, David Steele et al
Last Judgement, Conversion of the Jews, the Millennium, and the Unpardonable Sin by Andrew Fuller
Notes, Explanatory and Practical, on the Book of Revelation (1872) by Albert Barnes
Observations Upon the Prophecies of Daniel (1831) by Isaac Newton
Romanism and the Reformation from the Standpoint of Prophecy (1891) by H. Gratan Guinness
The Complete Works of Thomas Manton - Volume 22 of 22
The Apocalypse Translated And Expounded (1872) by James Glasgow
The Application of Scripture: A Biblical Refutation of Dispensationalism by A. W. Pink
The Apostasy of the Latter Times... by Joseph Mede
The Apocalypse: Its Structure and Primary Predictions (1891) by David Brown
The Pope of Rome is Antichrist (1675, 1845 edition) by Henry Wilkinson
The Prophetical Future of the Church and Kingdom of Christ, in their Relation to the Character, Working, and Fate of the Antichristian Apostasy by Patrick Fairbairn
The Restoration of the Jews: An Extract from Herman Witsius (1806)
The Rise and Fall of the Papacy (1848) by Robert Fleming
A History of Christian Doctrine (Volume 2, 1865) by William G. T. Shedd
The Two Babylons or the Papal Worship Proved to Be the Worship of Nimrod and His Wife (1916) by Alexander Hislop
The Progress of Divine Providence by William Gouge
WHO IS THE ANTICHRIST? Antichrist (666) Revealed In Classic Puritan, Reformed And Covenanter Thought
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Quotes On 666 and Antichrist (the Papacy)
The Lord Jesus Christ is the Head of the church, in whom, by the appointment of the Father, all power for the calling, institution, order or government of the church, is invested in a supreme and sovereign manner; neither can the Pope of Rome in any sense be head thereof, but is that antichrist, that man of sin, and son of perdition, that exalteth himself in the church against Christ, and all that is called God; whom the Lord shall destroy with the brightness of his coming. (Colossians 1:18; Matthew 28:18-20; Ephesians 4:11, 12; 2 Thessalonians 2:2-9 ) - 1689 London Baptist Confession of Faith, 26:4.
18. Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast; for it is the number of a man; and his number is six hundred threescore and six.
V. 18.-"The name of the beast," since the time of Ireneus, the disciple of Polycarp, who was cotemporary with the apostle John, is understood to be Lateinos, or Lateinus; for it is well known to scholars, that classical usage justifies the orthography of this word. However learned men may indulge their fancy, and sport with this mystic and sacred name and number, no other word fills up all the conditions required by the inspired writer. Latinus is the proper name of the "first beast," the Latin empire: it is the name common to the whole population of the empire, the Latins: it is the name of the founder of the empire, Latinus; and it contains the number, 666. The probability that this word contains the requisite name and number, amounts almost to a certainty. The unlearned reader may be easily taught to understand how to "count the number of the beast." Of course, the apostle John accommodated his expressions to the custom of his own age. Well, even children soon learn to number or count by the use of Roman letters of the alphabet. They know that the letter I, stands for one; V. for five, etc. Now, in the apostolic age, the Jews, Greeks and Romans, were accustomed to express numbers by the use of the letters of their respective alphabets. This we suppose to be the only rational and probable method of solving the mystery.
In this chapter we have the fullest exhibition of the great antichristian confederacy, spoken of by prophets and apostles, including the "man of sin, to be revealed in his time." The component parts of that complex moral person called "Antichrist," are here graphically portrayed. The three most prominent features are the two beasts of the sea and of the earth, with the image of the first; or, a tyrannical empire, an apostate church, and the Pope. To suppose that the Antichrist is a power or moral person distinct from these,-a "wilful, infidel or atheistical king," is a mere chimera framed in a learned brain, disordered by antichristian politics. The chief, if not the only ostensible ground of such hypothesis is the language of our apostle, (1 John ii. 22.) "He is Antichrist that denieth the Father and the Son." The sound of the words of Scripture is too often mistaken for the sense. This is a notable example. From the words of our Divine Redeemer,-"My Father is greater than I," Socinians infer the essential inferiority of the Son to the Father. So in the preceding instance. The inference is, that the Antichrist is to be known by a doctrinal denial of deity. But the very name of this enemy of all righteousness, Antichrist, demonstrates his recognition of the existence and office of our Saviour. For why should he oppose a nonentity? All scholars are aware that the primary meaning of anti, is substitution. (Matt. xx. 28.) Antichrist usurps Christ's place in church and state, that he may more successfully oppose his interest. There is no mystery to the intelligent Christian in the declaration, that men too often "profess that they know God, but in works deny him." This explains the fact of Antichrist's denying the Father and the Son. Usurping the prerogatives of the Mediator is a practical denial of him,-of his authority, and by consequence, of the Father who sent him. "He that acknowledged the Son," in this sense, "hath the Father also;" while it is equally true, in the same sense,-"whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father." (1 John ii. 23.)
- Notes on the Apocalypse by David Steele on the Puritan Hard Drive
But what says ecclesiastical history to the later date? The great witness, as he is the primary one, is Irenaus, bishop of Lyons A.D. 177 to circa 202. To Gaul he came from Asia Minor, where he tells us he was a hearer of Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna and disciple of the apostle John. In his great work Against Heresies, we find him discussing the two readings of "the number of the beast" (Rev. xiii. 18), whether in the original text it was 666 or 616. He says that in all the approved and ancient copies (Greek text in this book not cited, see the book itself for the Greek) the reading was 666, and that this reading was attested by those who had seen John face to face (the Greek text in this book is omitted here). The importance attached to this reading lay in the belief that this number enigmatically pointed to the expected antichrist, whose name (he says) he will not speak of confidently, "because had it been necessary to name him at the present time, it would have been declared by him who saw the Revelation; nor was it long since it had been seen, but almost in our own generation (the Greek text in this book is omitted here), about the end of Domitian's reign.
- David Brown, The Apocalypse Its Structure & Primary Predictions (1841), pp. 7-8, on the Puritan Hard Drive
Let us now consider the second reason why "the number of the beast" (666) as found in Revelation 13:18 is not Nero, thus removing this as evidence for a pre-70 a.d. dating of the Book of Revelation: There is a much more suitable identification for the number of the beast (666) than Nero Caesar.
a. The first reason why Nero Caesar is not a suitable identification for the number of the beast (666) is because Nero does not fit the time period that is described by the political beast of Rome with the ten horns in Daniel 7 and the ten crowned horns in Revelation 13:1, which as we have seen addresses a period of history in which the unified Roman Empire is broken and divided by ten barbarian kingdoms, three of which fall and are humbled at the time of the rising and exaltation of the little horn of the Romish Church and Papacy by the Emperor Justinian, who in 538 a.d. decreed that the Pope of Rome should thenceforth be given the title of Universal Bishop. It appeared that this little horn of ecclesiastical and papal Rome had almost miraculously risen out of the ashes of Rome that had been captured and sacked by the three kingdoms, but the little horn of ecclesiastical Rome and papal Rome prevailed over its captors each time. Thus, to identify Nero with the beast with ten crowned horns (in Revelation 13:1) is completely out of sync with the historical fulfillment of the ten ruling barbarian kingdoms that divided a unified Rome which occurred over four hundred years after the death of Nero.
b. A second reason why Nero Caesar is not a suitable identification for the number of the beast (666) is that the actual number of the beast as found in Revelation 13:18 is recorded in Greek letters not Hebrew letters. How then is it suitable for the number of the beast to be in Greek letters, and yet the name of the beast to be in Hebrew letters? Preterists point to Hebrew words in the book of Revelation that are translated into Greek (such as "Abaddon" in Revelation 9:11 or "Armageddon" in Revelation 16:16). However, that is not what is in dispute here. That I willingly grant. What I have a problem with is that there are not Hebrew letters that when calculated equal 666 in Revelation 13:8, but to the contrary Greek letters. And thus, we should likewise expect not the Hebrew spelling of a name, but the Greek spelling of a name. It also seems much more suitable for the original audience in the seven Churches of Asia Minor that first received the Book of Revelation and that all spoke Greek (while fewer spoke Hebrew) to signify a Greek name using Greek numerical letters than a Hebrew name using Greek numerical letters.
c. A third reason why Nero Caesar is not a suitable identification for the number of the beast (666) is that for nearly 1700 years no one in the Church was known or recorded (to the best of my knowledge) to offer Nero's name as the number of the beast (666). Moses Stuart (Commentary on the Apocalypse, pp. 457-458, 1845), himself a Preterist, identifies Professor Benary of Berlin (c. 1840) as the first recorded scholar to propose Nero Caesar (and particularly Nero Caesar in Hebrew letters) as the name of the beast. Although it is not impossible that the true meaning of the number of the beast (666) might be hidden from the whole Church until about 1840, it does seem very unlikely that such would be the case, especially when Nero Caesar is not known to have been even mentioned by any coming from the first century (prior to 70 a.d.) to whom (according to the Preterist) the Book of Revelation was intended. According to the Preterist, those to whom the apostle John wrote the Book of Revelation were suppose to understand that Nero Caesar was intended by the number of the beast, and yet there is not a trace or even the mention of Nero Caesar as the name of the beast prior to about 1840. That seems remarkable to me.
d. A fourth and final reason why Nero Caesar is not a suitable identification for the number of the beast (666) is because there is a name that fits very well with the historical division of the Roman Empire into ten kingdoms, that is also a number of a man, that is the number of a name in Greek letter rather than in Hebrew letters, and that is of ancient origin (mentioned by Irenaeus in the second century as a probable choice): the Greek word ΛΑΤΕΙΝΟΣ (Lateinos - ed.)which means "Latin one" either referring to the Roman Empire as the Latin one or to a Latin man (Latinus being the founder of Rome). The Western Roman Empire (with its capital in Rome) was the Latin branch of the Empire where the language of Latin predominated, whereas the Eastern Roman Empire (with its capital in Constantinople) was the Greek branch of the Empire where the language of Greek predominated. And it was in the Western Roman Empire that the 10 kingdoms took up their rule. Thus, I submit that the name and number of the Roman beast in Revelation 13:18 is not Nero Caesar which removes another alleged piece of internal evidence from the Preterist in seeking to establish a pre-70 a.d. date of authorship for the Book of Revelation. - 666 & God's Gracious Covenant With Israel #22 (Partial & Full Preterism Refuted #6) by Greg Price (emphases added) and on the Puritan Hard Drive
"John Wycliffe, William Tyndale [Tyndale Bible], Martin Luther, John Calvin, Thomas Cranmer; in the seventeenth century, Bunyan, the translators of the King James Bible and the men who published the Westminster and Baptist confessions of Faith; Sir Isaac Newton, George Whitefield, Jonathan Edwards; and more recently Spurgeon, Bishop J.C. Ryle and Dr. Martin Lloyd-Jones; these men among countless others, all saw the office of the Papacy as the antichrist." -
All Roads Lead to Rome, Michael de Semlyen, Dorchestor House Publications, p. 205, 1991.
"Now, it is manifest that the Roman pontiffs, with their adherents, defend [and practice] godless doctrines and godless services. And the marks [all the vices] of Antichrist plainly agree with the kingdom of the Pope and his adherents. For Paul, 2 Epistle 2:3, in describing to the Thessalonians Antichrist, calls him an adversary of Christ, who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshiped, so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God. He speaks therefore of one ruling in the Church, not of heathen kings, and he calls this one the adversary of Christ, because he will devise doctrine conflicting with the Gospel, and will assume to himself divine authority." - Of the Power and Primacy of the Pope, Treatise Compiled by the Theologians Assembled at Smalcald, in the Year 1537.
John Calvin (1509-1564) (Presbyterian): "Some persons think us too severe and censorious when we call the Roman pontiff Antichrist. But those who are of this opinion do not consider that they bring the same charge of presumption against Paul himself, after whom we speak and whose language we adopt· I shall briefly show that (Paul's words in II Thess. 2) are not capable of any other interpretation than that which applies them to the Papacy." - Institutes of the Christian Religion, on the Puritan Hard Drive.
John Knox (1505-1572) (Scotch Presbyterian): John Knox sought to counteract "that tyranny which the pope himself has for so many ages exercised over the church." As with Luther, he finally concluded that the Papacy was "the very antichrist, and son of perdition, of whom Paul speaks." - The Zurich Letters, p. 199, on the Puritan Hard Drive.
Martin Luther (1483-1546) (Lutheran): Based on prophetic studies, Martin Luther finally declared, "We here are of the conviction that the papacy is the seat of the true and real Antichrist." (Aug. 18, 1520). - Taken from The Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers, LeRoy Froom. Vol. 2, p. 121. "Luther proved, by the revelations of Daniel and St. John, by the epistles of St. Paul, St. Peter, and St. Jude, that the reign of Antichrist, predicted and described in the Bible, was the Papacy. And all the people did say, Amen! A holy terror seized their souls. It was Antichrist whom they beheld seated on the pontifical throne. This new idea, which derived greater strength from the prophetic descriptions launched forth by Luther into the midst of his contemporaries, inflicted the most terrible blow on Rome." - J.H. Merle D'Aubigne, History of the Reformation of the Sixteen Century, book vi, chapter xii, p. 215, on the Puritan Hard Drive.
John Wycliffe: "When the western church was divided for about 40 years between two rival popes, one in Rome and the other in Avigon, France, each pope called the other pope antichrist - and John Wycliffe is reputed to have regarded them as both being right: "two halves of Antichrist, making up the perfect Man of Sin between them." - Froom, The Prophetic Faith of our Fathers
Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556) (Anglican): "Whereof it followeth Rome to be the seat of antichrist, and the pope to be very antichrist himself. I could prove the same by many other scriptures, old writers, and strong reasons."- Works, Cranmer, Vol. 1, pp. 6-7.
"... we detest and refuse the usurped authority of that Roman Antichrist upon the scriptures of God, upon the kirk, the civil magistrate, and consciences of men; all his tyrannous laws made upon indifferent things against our Christian liberty; his erroneous doctrine against the sufficiency of the written word, the perfection of the law, the office of Christ, and his blessed evangel; his corrupted doctrine concerning original sin, our natural inability and rebellion to God's law, our justification by faith only, our imperfect sanctification and obedience to the law; the nature, number, and use of the holy sacraments; his five bastard sacraments, with all his rites, ceremonies, and false doctrine, added to the ministration of the true sacraments without the word of God; his cruel judgment against infants departing without the sacrament; his absolute necessity of baptism; his blasphemous opinion of transubstantiation, or real presence of Christ's body in the elements, and receiving of the same by the wicked, or bodies of men; his dispensations with solemn oaths, perjuries, and degrees of marriage forbidden in the word; his cruelty against the innocent divorced; his devilish mass; his blasphemous priesthood; his profane sacrifice for sins of the dead and the quick; his canonization of men; calling upon angels or saints departed, worshipping of imagery, relicks, and crosses; dedicating of kirks, altars, days; vows to creatures; his purgatory, prayers for the dead; praying or speaking in a strange language, with his processions, and blasphemous litany, and multitude of advocates or mediators; his manifold orders, auricular confession; his desperate and uncertain repentance; his general and doubtsome faith; his satisfaction of men for their sins; his justification by works, opus operatum, works of supererogation, merits, pardons, peregrinations, and stations; his holy water, baptizing of bells, conjuring of spirits, crossing, sayning, anointing, conjuring, hallowing of God's good creatures, with the superstitious opinion joined therewith; his worldly monarchy, and wicked hierarchy; his three solemn vows, with all his shavelings of sundry sorts; his erroneous and bloody decrees made at Trent, with all the subscribers or approvers of that cruel and bloody band, conjured against the kirk of God. And finally, we detest all his vain allegories, rites, signs, and traditions brought in the kirk, without or against the word of God, and doctrine of this true reformed kirk; to the which we join ourselves willingly, in doctrine, faith, religion, discipline, and use of the holy sacraments, as lively members of the same in Christ our head: promising and swearing, by the great name of the LORD our GOD, that we shall continue in the obedience of the doctrine and discipline of this kirk [The Confession which was subscribed at Halyrud-house the 25th of February 1587-8, by the King, Lennox Huntly, the Chancellor, and about 95 other persons, hath here added, "Agreeing to the word." Sir John Maxwell of Pollock hath the original parchment.], and shall defend the same, according to our vocation and power, all the days of our lives; under the pains contained in the law, and danger both of body and soul in the day of God's fearful judgment. - The Confession Of Faith Of The Kirk Of Scotland: Or The National Covenant, With A Designation Of Such Acts Of Parliament As Are Expedient For Justifying The Union After Mentioned (1639).
Growth & Fall of Antichrist by Thomas Manton & Other Reformers (Free Reformation MP3s, Books & Videos)
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If funds are tight, remember that you can purchase the Puritan Hard Drive using interest free deferred monthly payments as low as $50.00 per month. We also ship your Puritan Hard Drive as soon as your deferred monthly payments have reached $100.00. You may also pay $100.00 down, for faster shipping, then $50.00 per month thereafter. Call us at 780-450-3730 for more details about our interest free deferred monthly payments offer, or to get started today. You may also place an interest free deferred monthly payments order for the Puritan Hard Drive by using our Secure Online Order form. If you use our Secure Online Order Form, please make sure to enter your shipping address, phone number, email address and payment information (credit or debit card and expiry date). Also mention if you need the Single Platform Edition (Windows or Mac) or Dual Platform Edition (Windows and Mac) of the Puritan Hard Drive, and what size of Puritan Hard Drive you are ordering (size options, and the cost for each, are above the "Add to Cart" button at the SWRB Puritan Hard Drive page). Interest free deferred monthly payments orders must be placed by calling 780-450-3730 (in Canada) or using our Secure Online Order Form (click here). Scroll down at Phone/Contact Us to find the exact phone number to use from your country. We are open for calls six days a week (we are closed on the Lord's Day [Sunday]) and often cover the phones 24 hours a day. However, if you call and get our answering machine, it is safe to leave your order on the answering machine, or to leave us your phone number, with a message about why you are calling, and the best time to call you back, and we will call you when it is convenient for you. This applies to all nations worldwide.
For a limited time, we are making available to the public a free download of a fully-functional copy of the Puritan Hard Drive KnowledgeBase application software, bundled with more than 300 Adobe PDF books/articles and MP3 audio sermons from the Puritan Hard Drive collection. (Click here to download a PDF listing of all bundled Puritan books/articles and Reformation MP3s.) This is the same critically-acclaimed knowledgebase and powerful search engine to be found on the Puritan Hard Drive, with the following limitations:
- You can only access the Resources that are bundled with the demo.
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This demonstration version contains all the content and search functionality of the unrestricted version available only on the Puritan Hard Drive. This unrestricted version of the KnowledgeBase Application provides the user with immediate access to the more than 12,500 PDF (books and other text resources), MP3 (audio) and WMV (video) Resources contained in the full Puritan Hard Drive collection. In that version, you can create thousands of Saved Search Results Sets and Saved Search Results Sets Lists, limited only by the available free space on the internal drive or external USB drive where the application resides. This also applies to the Favorites List. Click here for more information or to download your free Puritan Hard Drive demo software now!.
The Puritan Hard Drive is an exquisite piece of work.
The purchaser of this fine product will have at his fingertips more of the best Reformed literature than he can probably ever get around to reading.
Truly, if a Christian wants to invest wisely in his own growth, this is the best investment he can make at this time.
More than highly recommended!
- Justin Rawson
Gospel Covenant Publications
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Would you like to volunteer some of your time to read classic Puritan and Reformed books and sermons to MP3, to make permanent digital audio versions of the best Puritan and Reformed books for our generation and for posterity? If so, we then list the Puritan and Reformed MP3s you have read on the Web, to give them away for free to people in every nation of the world - and, by God's grace, we reach between 45,000 to over 100,000 people each month with these free Puritan and Reformation MP3s! You may listen to other readings, by people just like yourself (who love the Lord and want to reach others with the love of the Lord Jesus Christ and the truth of His holy Word, the Bible) at FREE PURITAN & REFORMATION MP3 AUDIO SERMONS/BOOKS and from our "Audio Book" section on SWRB's sermonaudio site. You may also use the FREE SWRB iPHONE, iPAD, iPOD (Touch) APP to listen. It is very easy to get started with your new international Reformation reading ministry, just email us at firstname.lastname@example.org requesting our "PURITAN and REFORMED BOOK READER INSTRUCTIONS." Thank you!
It may also be of interest to you to know that at SWRB we strive to use as much of the proceeds from sales, as is possible, to produce more free and discounted Puritan books, Reformation MP3s and Calvinistic videos. This is how, by God's grace, we have published so many books, MP3s and videos over the years (with a relatively small staff and the help of volunteers) and why we are able to distribute so much material for free and at such low prices - may our Lord get all the glory! With your continued prayers, support and purchases we will be able to reach even more people, in the future, all around the world with the truth of the Scriptures - using the latest and best technologies available, in the service of the Lord, to greatly multiply all the good that can be done, and aiming to fill the world with the best Christian (Puritan and Reformation) resources available (Acts 17:6).
Your Servant in Christ (for the Third Reformation),
Dr. Reg Barrow
Still Waters Revival Books
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Cotton Mather (1663-1728) (Congregational Theologian)
"The oracles of God foretold the rising of an Antichrist in the Christian Church: and in the Pope of Rome, all the characteristics of that Antichrist are so marvelously answered that if any who read the Scriptures do not see it, there is a marvelous blindness upon them."